Re: 12 hour clock and offset problem
 From: Purl Gurl <purlgurl@xxxxxxxxxxxx>
 Date: Sun, 17 Jun 2007 07:23:39 0700
Kenetic wrote:
Purl Gurl wrote:
(prior code example snipped)
Let me know if you find any glitches.
It looks like it works particularly with 12 am and 12 pm, and since
you have a handle on the script (there are some things in here I
haven't used extensivelyjust a novice at perl), I wonder if you can
modify it to include, .5 of an hour. The offset can be 3 or 3.5 for
3 hours and 30 minutes. Also to be considered is how :30 past the hour
would then wrap around to the next hour, which is easy enough
(although when wrapping past 12 am or pm might pose a challenge)
Rather than complete code for your task, I have opted for discussion.
You are, again, running into convention problems. Convention is to
adjust time by hours, only, to determine a local time. This is clearly
based on longitude location. Adding a problem is daylight savings time
which is used in some regions, not used in other regions.
Adjusting local time by minutes violates all conventions but does
not violate precision in time based on precise longitude location.
Use of minutes for time adjustment is truly stating degrees of
longitude in hours and minutes, which becomes rather complex, and
even more complex if adjustment is made including seconds.
My suggestion is you look at longitude and latitude scripts with
giving direct attention to longitude formulas. This is a serious
suggestion which you should follow; you will find lots of coding
which addresses your task of incorporating minutes and will include
methods to incorporate seconds.
Right off, if your minutes will always be " x.5 " notation, this
is, always 30 minutes, I would simply add 30 minutes to your original
minutes, then adjust if this new minutes amount exceeds 60 minutes.
if (index ($add_hours, ".5") > 1)
{ add 30 minutes and perform calculations here }
Following is example code for dealing with fractions. This example
does display working with a fractional hour and displays how precision
is lessened by use of the int() function within perl core. Use of int()
discards any fractional part and leaves only a whole number. Clearly
this reduces accuracy precision of results,
..5 equals 30 minutes
..33 equals 19.8 minutes (int return is 19)
However, if you are dealing with only tenths,
..1 .2 .3 .4 .5 .6 .7 .8 .9
there is no need for the int() function; returns are always whole numbers
without the int() function.
Although there is no need for int() in my example code, I have included
this function to demonstrate to readers how precision is reduced and to
demonstrate how code like this, how dealing with time, can become very
complex and very frustrating. You and other readers can use adjustment
times beyond tenths, 3.53 hours or 3.67 hours and such, to compare code
results with hand calculated results; a fractional minute will be created
without int() functions included.
Find in my example,
$add_hours = int ($adjust);
This is simply a quick and dirty method to extract "3"
from the 3.5 adjustment time for my $add_hours variable.
Find in my example,
$add_minutes = int ($hour_fraction * 60);
This is where precision is reduced for more complex
calculations. The int() function is NOT needed when
you deal only with tenths, 3.2 3.5 3.7 and such. This
int() can be removed,
$add_minutes = $hour_fraction * 60;
However, if you introduce the hundredth decimal place,
you either must use int() and reduce precision or add
more code to maintain higher precision.
Again, look at longitude code examples to learn how to
create very high precision in time adjustment. You are
truly dealing with longitude calculations expressed as
time; hours, minutes and seconds. Give good attention
to the International Date Line to note how time can
be radically altered when you meet or exceed 180 degrees
longitude or, in time, plus 24 hours exactly or more.
I am not serving you up code on a silver platter. This
example code provides you the basic concept of how to
deal with time adjustments which include a fractional
hour. You will learn more through figuring out how to
incorporate this example into whatever final code you
elect to use; learning is the point, not easy answers.
No "walk through" this time. No full and complete code.
You have been provided enough help by participants here,
have been given enough code examples. You will learn a lot
more by writing your own code. Do so.
If you encounter problems after writing your own code,
then return and ask for help.
#!perl
$time = "11:30 pm";
$adjust = 3.5;
$old_hour = substr ($time, 0, index ($time, ":"));
$old_minutes = substr ($time, 5, 2);
$add_hours = int ($adjust);
$hour_fraction = $adjust  substr ($adjust, 0, index ($adjust, "."));
$add_minutes = int ($hour_fraction * 60);
$new_minutes = $old_minutes + $add_minutes;
if ($new_minutes >= 60)
{
$new_minutes = $new_minutes  60;
$add_hours++;
}
$new_hour = $old_hour + $add_hours;
print "New Hour is $new_hour";
print "\n\n";
print "New Minutes are $new_minutes";
PRINTED RESULTS:
New Hour is 15
New Minutes are 0

Thanks for all the help so far, it's been overwhelming.
I must introduce something offtopic, must masturbate my
ego through rant. Research will disclose almost all within
this discussion group, almost all within our Perl Community,
for years, claim me to be an blithering idiot of a troll,
and do so, almost on a daily basis.
This amuses me, greatly.

Purl Gurl

"Then again what can you expect from a fatassed, champagne swilling,
halfbreed just off the Rez?"
 Joe Kline
.
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